Category: Travelling

Backpacker Jobs – Make Money on Your Backpacking Journey

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Traveling across the globe has often been viewed, by the majority, as a luxury affordable only to the rich. This is not true for the backpackers, especially those with a job. Backpackers are travelers that prioritize low-cost international travel.

The idea of backpacking is to spend the least possible money and have the most exotic experience away from home, as most Backpackers could not afford high-end traveling. However, due to the mere fact that Backpackers have to place low-cost at the top of their mind, their trips are usually restricted by the tight budget, as a result they fail to get the most of their travel.

Having said that, there is an effective option for Backpackers to further minimizes their cost and maximizes the fun backpacker jobs. It is now becoming more common for Backpackers to work on their journey.

There are many reasons for Backpackers to work:

To save the cost of trip. Earn extra money to finance the expenses of traveling
Some employers provide free accommodation for backpackers, this help to solve lodging problem. A great opportunity to meet more of the local people as well as other travelers around the world.

Learn more about the culture of the locals. Backpackers would have a more unique experience and exposure when they indulge themselves in the community of the place they are traveling to.

The common jobs Backpacker Jobs are:

Fruit picking. This is especially the case in Australia, south of England and New Zealand.

Bar work. Backpackers could easily find bars hiring in many places from Scotland to the United States of America.

Teaching English.



Hotel work

Backpacker jobs are widespread in many countries like America, United Kingdom, Australia etc., offer jobs specifically to backpackers because of their flexibility of schedule. Depending on which country the Backpacker wants to work, the procedure will differ (eg. Australia only offers Working Holiday Visa once if one wants to work during their vacation, and will be restricted to a regular Tourist Visa the next time).

It is advisable for Backpackers to research thoroughly on their backpacking destination before leaving for their trip to find out the procedure of obtaining the working permit to avoid working illegally, for example, while getting a job in the Europe is easy, there are certain requirements to be satisfied before working, those that do not meet the standard but chose to work regardless of that would be considered as illegal worker and would therefore be deported back to their own country with their own cost.

Michael Lim is a student that has been studying abroad and have travelled to many countries. Traveling has always been his passion but finance forms a limitation to his desire to see the world.

Having said that, he has resort to Backpacking as this is a form of budget traveling affordable for most people, on top of this, he is consistently looking for ways to eliminate money as an obstacle and achieve his dream to travel around the world. The current field and project he is working on is Backpacker Jobs which enables him to finance his trips and at the same time, share his ideas and methods with people of the same interest.

Backpacker Insurance for Gap Year Hazards

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Backpacker insurance for gap year hazards should never be ignored. A gap year adventure should be the most exciting trip that any young person will experience in their lifetime. That first taste of freedom and adventure, where you inevitably hook up with like-minded travellers and make memories and lifetime friends.

In all the excitement and anticipation of the trip it is natural to want to ignore the potential hazards – and with a heap of good luck nothing will go wrong. After all, you have spent many months planning the trip and doing your research…

Many gap year travellers choose popular long-haul destinations such as Thailand, Vietnam, Africa and Australia – all a long way from home. Needless to say, setting off on such a fantastic adventure would be crazy without the peace of mind of a quality Backpacker travel insurance policy tucked in your rucksack. The importance of researching your destination(s) cannot be emphasised strongly enough.

With any luck you will not run into any hazards such as earthquakes, volcanic activity, typhoons or tropical diseases along the way, but with some preparation and knowledge you can be ready to face anything thrown at you.

We always recommend that travellers visit the website of the British Foreign Office for the latest travel advice, and this service is offered for free by most governments. Staying safe and personal security on your travels is always a concern. You’ll need to be aware of the current political situation and potential hazards you could encounter – and, most important, what to do and where to go for help if anything does go wrong.
Personal safety and security is of prime concern, as most countries have problems with pick-pocketing, mugging, drink spiking, and various scams.

Being caught in possession of any illegal drugs or substances can, in some countries, result in very serious charges, imprisonment, and even the death penalty!Read up on the local laws and customs of the country you are visiting and respect their rules and dress codes to avoid trouble. Again, it is important to know that travel insurance is unlikely to cover any claims related to your use or possession of illegal substances or abuse of alcohol.

A cheap backpacker policy automatically covers a range of sporting activities that are considered hazardous. Always check the policy to see what is and is not covered before you set off on your trip. One-off activities like a bungee jump or elephant ride are normally covered.

Most important is to have excellent cover for Medical Expenses – and always check that it includes Repatriation. Falling ill or sustaining an accidental injury while halfway around the world in a remote area could cost many thousands of pounds. You may need to be flown to a neighbouring country for specialised treatment – all very expensive. Without insurance you, or your family will have to foot the bill. Your consulate or embassy is on hand to provide limited help, but they do not pay your bills, and ignorance is no excuse…

One of the biggest problems travellers face is the loss or theft of their passports. This is something normally covered by your travel insurance. The nearest consulate or embassy will help you to obtain a new travel document, but it is not free!

A cheap backpacker policy should also provide cover for things like Mugging, Missed Departure, Scheduled Airline Failure, Hijack, Personal Liability and Legal Expenses. Most Backpacker policies are cheaper because they are ‘light’ on cover for luggage and possessions. There’s no point paying for cover that you do not need.

If you are busy planning your gap year adventure and are under the impression that insurance is unnecessary, or you have not factored the cost into your budget, why not discuss it with your parents or family members. Rather than set off uninsured, ask if they will purchase a policy for you as a farewell gift. They should be motivated to help, because allowing you to travel uninsured may bring them a world of trouble if the worst should happen and you run into hazards while you are on the other side of the world.

The news is full of tragedies of this type all the time – where families suffer hardship and often have to organise fundraisers to find the tens of thousands of pounds needed to fly their loved ones home. The cost of a Backpacker policy is such a small price to pay for peace of mind for you and your family.


A Memorable and Romantic Camping Getaway

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Embarking on a romantic camping getaway is a wonderful idea for a romantic date to those who are nature lovers and adventurous couples, especially those who really adore the great outdoors. Planning an escapade like this is a great way to spend an anniversary date, propose to your future fiance, spend a special occasion or you may just want a relaxing hideaway to relieve your stress from the daily grind of a fast phased urban life.

For sure, couples will want to make their romantic camping retreat to be a memorable one. Bringing the right camping equipment as well having a completely thought out plan are the key elements to achieve the goal of a perfect outdoor getaway. Here is a checklist of reminders in mapping out your plan as well as choosing the right camping gear, supplies and accessories to complement your memorable romantic escapade:

Decide on a cool destination. With your budget in mind, make a research for a great destination of your camping trip. You can check the internet for a potential location. Look for a venue with the amenities that would suit your interests and hobbies as a couple. If you both love water sports, you can check out great beach resorts nearest you that has the facilities and equipment for the fun water activities you love.

If you are a fan of the reality TV show Survivor, you can go trekking and set camp in well known forest trails or go mountain climbing. The sky is the limit as to where you can go as it will really depend on the budget you are allocating for the travel as well as the amount of time you are available to be away from your respective jobs.

Make out some romantic activities. After you have decided where to go, list down a number of special romantic activities you can do aside from the usual activities the location has to offer. Since a romantic atmosphere is already set up for you, it would be wonderful to come up with some amorous bonding activities to make everything extra special and memorable.

Even though you are outdoors, you can still arrange a candlelight dinner complete with a sumptuous charcoal grilled dinner, a bottle of champagne and some flowers on the side. You can also order a symphonic string orchestra to play your favorite love songs. An MP3 player with portable speakers will accomplish that setting. You just have to be passionately creative and the ideas will flow endlessly to create a warm and romantic atmosphere, enjoy your intimate moments together and ultimately result to a memorable camping getaway.

Whip up a fine food menu. The next important thing to remember in planning the travel is food. Plan your meals and snacks menu for the duration of the camping trip. Every meal should be covered with some extra food supply of can goods for emergency purposes so there would be no chance of starving yourselves in the great outdoors. There are easy to prepare and quick cooking recipes that would still taste and appear first-class. Make sure you have sufficient energy giving foodstuff to nourish yourselves since you will need them to sustain the passionate and adventurous activities ahead.

Gear up with the right equipment. After you have decided your destination, come up with a delightful food menu and planned the activities for the entire trip, it is time to make a checklist of the necessary camping equipment, accessories and supplies, which you need to bring depending on what you have planned so far.

This is crucial in the planning process since you have to make sure all bases are covered. It can really spoil the camping trip if you forget a certain equipment, gear or supply but only realize it when you are already at the camping site. Moreover, choose reliable and well-known name brands for your camping gear and equipment to ensure quality and satisfactory performance.

Basic camping stuff you may need to bring would include a quality camping tent, sleeping bags, air mattresses, portable table and chairs, beds and cots, coolers for your foodstuff, portable cooking stove and grill, lanterns and flashlight, utensils and utility knives, as well as other equipment and accessories for your planned outdoor leisure activities. For your safety, bring your mobile phone, compasses and flares, a portable first aid kit in case an emergency situation comes along.

There are specialty stores available that can provide all the equipment and supplies for your camping needs. You can also check the internet websites to find the trusted and reliable brands to ensure you quality and performance. They likewise have the expert staff who can give you advises for your camping getaway.

Dress up to the occasion. Wear the proper clothing attire and shoes depending on the location of the planned getaway. Bring extra clothes, shades, sun block lotions, baseball caps and other clothing paraphernalia which you think are essential – all depending on your destination and the planned activities during the trip. Wearing the right stuff will give you comfort and safety while enjoying all the activities of your outdoor escapade.

Organize well in packing your stuff. After completing an inventory of all the stuff you need to bring for the trip, the next important tip is to smartly pack them in an organized manner, especially the food. Separate the hot food stuff from the cold ones. Plastic or aluminum food keepers are great for your food ingredients and cooked food.

Do not forget to bring along your trusty coolers for your drinking water and cold beverages, packed with enough ice to last the whole journey. You can write on a notepad a list of all your belongings and where you packed them so you will be trouble-free looking around when needed during the trip.

Keep safety and security in mind at all times. Finally and most importantly, employ a culture of safety and security in planning your getaway. Choose a well-known or recognized campsite or trek trail as your destination. Help and assistance will not be far away in case of emergency.

There is a great amount of risk in going to the wild and unrestricted locations. You do not want your romantic escapade to be ruined by an animal attack or any untoward incident. Always keep in mind that a completely thought out plan and a sensible choice of camping equipment are the key elements you need to remember to have a memorable and romantic camping getaway.

A Christmas Vacation for the Family (Ideal Places to Go To)

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Christmas Vacation Ideas for the Work at Home Dad

In countries like the Philippines, the yuletide season extends from the beginning of October all the way to January the following year. Quite different from western traditions, don’t you think so? But no matter which part of the world you are, if you believe in Christmas, then you know that this is perhaps one of the most celebrated holidays in the world of Christianity.

Well, the way people celebrate this holiday season may vary between each family and individual. This doesn’t mean, though, that we can’t get excited this early for the coming of the most wonderful time of the year! Christmas is really fast approaching when October sets in and November is just around the corner.

With Christmas about to knock on our doors, I am fairly certain that there are some of you who are already cooking up plans for the coming holidays. Having said that, there are amazing vacation destinations that you may want to consider for your family. Depending on your budget, there are specific locations that are perfect for a family vacation that you certainly won’t soon forget, whether you and your family are aiming for a tropical or a white Christmas.

If you and your family are accustomed to a snowy white Christmas, then it would be perfectly logical to seek a more tropical theme this time around, don’t you agree? Tropical family vacation destinations are quite popular these days, especially among those who are tired of the stereotypical white Christmas that the late Bing Crosby made famous in his hit single of the same name. You can forget about wearing winter clothes, mittens, wooly scarves and bonnets, and go instead for your shades, sunscreen, and snorkeling gear.

Tropical destinations that are close to the coastlines are popular among many vacationers who are looking for that beautiful beach ambiance. The world class beaches and resorts in Australia, Florida, Hawaii, and the Caribbean are particularly among the favorites.

They offer affordable packages that include first-rate hotels and lodging, fine dining and exotic restaurants, as well as memorable and fun activities that you and your family will definitely enjoy. If you think about it, getting this family vacation package is actually an awesome Christmas present, and one that you all absolutely deserve.

On the other side of the isle, people who have been spending a winterless Christmas for the most part of their lives may want to consider a white Christmas themselves. You can book a trip for your family to stay in mountainous vacation spots for the holiday season, where the stimulating aroma of pine trees, the serene view of white capped mountains, and the crackling sound of the fireplace will engulf you in white Christmas bliss.

You, your spouse, and the kids can enjoy a day of skiing, snowboarding, and snowmobile riding. And if you want a more intimate holiday experience with your family, you can choose to rent cabins where you can share hot cocoa and slightly burnt marshmallows. It would be nice to be free of all the electronic gadgets, wireless communications devices and entertainment consoles that take up most of our time, don’t you think so?

If you are on a tight budget, getting a family vacation for the yuletide season doesn’t have to be an all-out spending spectacle. If you want to experience a white Christmas, you can swap houses, or trade places, with close friends or relatives who want to experience a sunny Christmas of their own.

You do not have to spend much to experience a memorable Christmas. The most important thing is that you are spending it with family and friends. That we can all agree on, right?

4 Steps to Create the Ultimate Promotion Plan For Your Eco-Tourism Company

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Creating a result-driven promotion plan for your luxury eco-tourism hotel, lodge, accommodation, or touring company can be highly effective if you have the right mindset and proper strategies to gain exposure and attract more visitors.

Before you can create an online promotion plan for your high-end eco-tourism company, it’s important to ask yourself the following fundamental questions:

  1.  What are my goals for the future of my luxury eco-tourism company?
  2.  What do I want to achieve through my online promotion efforts?
  3.  What do I want people to know or perceive about my brand?
  4.  What action do I want people to take as a result of my efforts?

Once you have a clear understanding of what you want your online promotion efforts to accomplish, it’s time to create a strategic plan. Some people find planning dull, overwhelming, or downright boring. I can assure you, the more you plan, the more you are clear about what you want and where you want to go, the easier your efforts will be, and you’ll achieve the results you want more easily and quickly.

Here are 4 steps to creating a promotion plan that delivers results for your eco-tourism company:

Step I:

First, you have to know what you want to achieve. You must define success. If you have a strategic objective, use that as a guide. In addition, I suggest you sit down and interview yourself.

Some of these questions might include…

  1.  What type of visitors do I want to attract to my accommodations?
  2.  Do I want to build solid relationships with a handful of key bloggers?
  3.  Do I want my Tweets mentioned in Condé Nast Traveler?
  4.  Do I want to be featured in Travel + Leisure online?
  5.  Do I want my eco-tourism business to win a Responsible Tourism Award?

Be honest with yourself. What is it that you really want? Write it down.

It’s important to note that success isn’t always about having 4,000 fans or 8 million Facebook or Twitter followers. What’s more important is the connection you build with your online network. If you only have 100 fans or followers on Facebook or Twitter and a handful are retweeting your posts, that’s much better than having 300 fans or followers and no one interacting with you or sharing your information.

Step II:

Depending on your goals and the nature of your eco-tourism company, decide how you will promote your company online. By no means are you expected to use every possible online platform-you’d end up pulling your hair out.

Instead, use vehicles and platforms that will meet your needs and objectives. This sounds simple enough, but you’d be amazed how many eco-tourism companies are unclear why they’re doing what they’re doing. Do you know why you’re on LinkedIn and Digg, or even have a blog? Do you have a Twitter account because you were told that’s what attracts clients, or are you Tweeting with a purpose? Again, this goes back to step one-you have to set goals and know what you want.

In deciding how you will promote and what online platforms are best for your eco-tourism business, take inventory of what you’re doing now. Make a list of what’s working and what isn’t. Look over the list and ask yourself why that is. Are you actually connecting with your target market or key influencers? How can you better engage your network? Are you on the right platforms to connect and engage?

Once you are clear, choose a set of 2 – 3 social media platforms that you plan to be active on. If you’re already on a few and they work for you, stick with these social media sites. Remember, it’s better to be active on a few than to be on too many and never participate or add to the conversation.

Step III:

If you have an eco-travel blog or plan on starting one, create a blog editorial calendar. Eliminate last minute blogging, topic searching, and optimizing by creating an editorial calendar in advance. Here you can break down each topic you would like to discuss on your blog over the course 1 – 3 months.

When you have a blog schedule, sit down and write a few blogs at once, remembering to incorporate key eco-travel phrases in the first paragraph of your post-without being unnatural. Some key phrases you might use are luxury eco-travel company, sustainable tourism, FTTSA certified, green travel, and eco-tourism company.

Batching is always a great way to hone in on your writing skills and get a few posts out of the way.
It’s also extremely helpful to create an organized blog promotion schedule in your plan. Each week, set aside time to comment on like-minded blogs, ask other bloggers if you can be a guest blogger, or ask others to guest blog for you, and request to be on like-minded blogrolls.

Some like-minded blogs could be about eco-travel, sustainable living, general travel, travel photography, eco-tourism outfitters, and eco-friendly product blogs.

Step IV:

Set time durations for each task. When creating a plan, you want to ensure you set specific time durations you will spend on each task. If you don’t do this, you’ll quickly find yourself over stressed and unclear of the time you’re spending on these tasks. In your plan, write the specific time you will spend on each platform and what days you will post on these platforms. Often, setting weekly tasks is the best way to digest a larger promotion plan.

Family Camping – Essential Things to Carry

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When going for family camping you must carry along your camping stuff. There are many things you can carry to the venue. The materials you carry along will differ depending on the venue you chose for camping, the type of camping conveniences around and the weather. For kayaking, backpacking and canoe camping or any other form of camping that requires gear weight, consider some of the lightweight packing ideas suggested below.

Bed-covers and other bedding requirements should come first in your check list. Normally, you will need a sleeping bag and a canvas for the ground. However, for family camp excursions you will require properly sized tents, a stake puller and a hammer.

Remember also to carry extra tent stakes. You can use tarpaulins that are a bit larger than your tent’s floor so as to cover it in avoiding dust from entering into the tent. If you wish to keep the tent tidy and clean you can carry a small mat and a broom.

There are many choices available when selecting sleeping or bedding material. For instance, you can try camp pads such as Coleman Rest Easy pad or air mattresses, pillows, sleeping bags and blankets. A Coleman shelter will keep you away from high temperatures and dust.

Another important thing that you need in your checklist is the clothes you will wear. Obviously the weather will determine the garments you carry for family camping. The activities will also determine the type of clothes you carry along. If your trip is just for the weekend you will carry about three sets of clothes, a rain gear, a sweatshirt, a jacket and something to sleep in.

If you want to go hiking you can carry long pants, socks and a pair of hiking shoes. For swimming or any other water related activities don’t forget to carry your headgear, swimsuit and a pair of sandals that you can put on at the beach. If your trip is long you can make use of laundry services at the campsite. This allows you to carry many clothes with you.

It is necessary that you maintain high levels of hygiene at the camping trip. Therefore, ensure that you carry toiletries with you. Keep the toiletries in waterproof cans in case of any conveniences by your campsite or carry at least one of the many types of Coleman camp showers. Carry washing and bathing soaps, dental care products and other first aid medicine and equipment.

The family camping stuff can be packed in rugged duffel bags or rubber totes. The heavy luggage problem can be simplified if everyone packs his or her own tote and shower bag. Beach toys, swimsuits and rain materials should be packed in a different bag because they are rarely used.

Family camping can be successful only if you carry the correct camping stuff. You can also use a laundry bag to separate clean clothes from the unclean.

Forest Tourism – A Green Path Toward Sustainable Forestry

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At the end of September 2011, the occasion being the World Tourism Day (27th September), the Collaborative Partnership on Forests (CPF), an organisation of which the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) is also a member, promoted its view on the positive influence that ecotourism has on forestry.

Moreover, an increasing number of governments are considering ecotourism as a means to promote sustainable forestry management and support local communities.

Despite the grave economic situation in the last couple of years, according to the World Tourism Organisation (WTO), international tourism has demonstrated healthy growth, with almost 5% in the first half of 2011, setting a new record of 440 million arrivals, according to the UN WTO. Moreover, in the UNWTO long-term forecast, Tourism Towards 2030, released in October 2011, international tourism is expected to continue to grow in a sustained manner in the next two decades.

Ecotourism, as a niche within the larger tourism industry, is one of the fastest growing segments of tourism worldwide, according to the FAO. Therefore, the perspective for long-term sustainable economic growth has the potential to stimulate also forestry funds to participate on the forest ecotourism market. In addition, through forest ecotourism, private companies will have the opportunity to make profit out of socially responsible investments.

Ecotourism involves responsible travelling to natural areas, with the purpose to educate the traveller without the environmental and cultural impact that may come as a negative consequence of traditional tourism. By definition, the more preserved a tourist site or object is, the more attractive it will be for potential visitors. And as forests and their wildlife are among the primary settings for ecotourism activities, it is only natural to assume that promoting forest preservation and investing in ecotourism would be the way to attract more ecotourists.

Forest ecotourism may be particularly beneficial in developing countries, which generally experience more difficulties in promoting sustainable forest management and obtaining much needed investments through forestry funds or other sources of financing.

According to Edgar Kaeslin, Forestry Officer in Wildlife and Protected Area Management at FAO, “Ecotourism has a far greater potential for contributing to income and livelihoods in poor rural communities than what is realised”.

Therefore, the possibilities that ecotourism provides in terms of forest preservation and local economy need to be looked into, especially considering the extent to which some indigenous communities depend on forests for their livelihood. In addition, ecotourism brings more income to local population than commercial conventional tourism that relies mainly on mass hotel chains and large tourist companies.

One of the most famous examples of ecotourism in developing countries is the interest attracted by the endangered mountain gorilla species in Uganda. Ecotourism activity surrounding the gorillas significantly helped to boost the economy of the country and at the same time led to a rise in the numbers of mountain gorillas.

Another African country where forest tourism is likely to benefit from increased governmental support is Tanzania, since the Ministry of Natural resources and Tourismrecently introduced the Tanzania Forest Fund among whose purposes is to support sustainable utilization of forest resources.

Despite its indisputable benefits, however, ecotourism still poses certain dangers to natureand local communities. A lot of activities which are advertised as eco-friendlymay lead to damage of natural sites and there is always the risk that due to the growing popularity of ecotourism, possible participation of forestry funds and involvement of larger tourist companies may diminish the financial benefits to local communities.

Nevertheless, at present, the benefits of ecotourism seem to outweigh the risks, specifically with regards to forest tourism, which has turned into a successful way of promoting forest conservation. One of the ways to further increase the positive influence of ecotourism is to ensure the involvement of local population into ecotourism services, which may be achieved through training and education. In addition, income from forest tourism should be used in order to promote sustainable forestry management.

In the last few years, the UN FAO has been providing technical assistance to various countries such as Laos, the Philippines and Tunisia to develop ecotourism as a sustainable forest use and recently started implementing an $18 million programme in collaboration with Pacific islands (Fiji, Niue, Samoa and Vanuatu) aimed at developing ecotourism as a major component of sustainable forest management. This is undoubtedly a clear sign for the potential benefits of forest tourism.

History of Travel & Tourism

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2000 years Before Christ, in India and Mesopotamia

Travel for trade was an important feature since the beginning of civilisation. The port at Lothal was an important centre of trade between the Indus valley civilisation and the Sumerian civilisation.

600 BC and thereafter

The earliest form of leisure tourism can be traced as far back as the Babylonian and Egyptian empires. A museum of historic antiquities was open to the public in Babylon. The Egyptians held many religious festivals that attracted the devout and many people who thronged to cities to see famous works of arts and buildings.

In India, as elsewhere, kings travelled for empire building. The Brahmins and the common people travelled for religious purposes. Thousands of Brahmins and the common folk thronged Sarnath and Sravasti to be greeted by the inscrutable smile of the Enlightened One- the Buddha.

500 BC, the Greek civilisation

The Greek tourists travelled to sites of healing gods. The Greeks also enjoyed their religious festivals that increasingly became a pursuit of pleasure, and in particular, sport. Athens had become an important site for travellers visiting the major sights such as the Parthenon. Inns were established in large towns and seaports to provide for travellers’ needs. Courtesans were the principal entertainment offered.
This era also saw the birth of travel writing. Herodotus was the worlds’ first travel writer. Guidebooks also made their appearance in the fourth century covering destinations such as Athens, Sparta and Troy. Advertisements in the way of signs directing people to inns are also known in this period.

The Roman Empire

With no foreign borders between England and Syria, and with safe seas from piracy due to Roman patrols, the conditions favouring travel had arrived. First class roads coupled with staging inns (precursors of modern motels) promoted the growth of travel. Romans travelled to Sicily, Greece, Rhodes, Troy and Egypt. From 300 AD travel to the Holy Land also became very popular. The Romans introduced their guidebooks (itineraria), listing hotels with symbols to identify quality.

Second homes were built by the rich near Rome, occupied primarily during springtime social season. The most fashionable resorts were found around Bay of Naples. Naples attracted the retired and the intellectuals, Cumae attracted the fashionable while Baiae attracted the down market tourist, becoming noted for its rowdiness, drunkenness and all- night singing.

Travel and Tourism were to never attain a similar status until the modern times.

In the Middle Ages

Travel became difficult and dangerous as people travelled for business or for a sense of obligation and duty.

Adventurers sought fame and fortune through travel. The Europeans tried to discover a sea route to India for trade purposes and in this fashion discovered America and explored parts of Africa. Strolling players and minstrels made their living by performing as they travelled. Missionaries, saints, etc. travelled to spread the sacred word.

Leisure travel in India was introduced by the Mughals. The Mughal kings built luxurious palaces and enchanting gardens at places of natural and scenic beauty (for example Jehangir travelled to Kashmir drawn by its beauty.

Travel for empire building and pilgrimage was a regular feature.

The Grand Tour

From the early seventeenth century, a new form of tourism was developed as a direct outcome of the Renaissance. Under the reign of Elizabeth 1, young men seeking positions at court were encouraged to travel to continent to finish their education. Later, it became customary for education of gentleman to be completed by a ‘Grand Tour’ accompanied by a tutor and lasting for three or more years. While ostensibly educational, the pleasure seeking men travelled to enjoy life and culture of Paris, Venice or Florence. By the end of eighteenth century, the custom had become institutionalised in the gentry. Gradually pleasure travel displaced educational travel. The advent of Napoleonic wars inhibited travel for around 30 years and led to the decline of the custom of the Grand Tour.

The development of the spas

The spas grew in popularity in the seventeenth century in Britain and a little later in the European Continent as awareness about the therapeutic qualities of mineral water increased. Taking the cure in the spa rapidly acquired the nature of a status symbol. The resorts changed in character as pleasure became the motivation of visits. They became an important centre of social life for the high society.

In the nineteenth century they were gradually replaced by the seaside resort.

The sun, sand and sea resorts

The sea water became associated with health benefits. The earliest visitors therefore drank it and did not bathe in it. By the early eighteenth century, small fishing resorts sprung up in England for visitors who drank and immersed themselves in sea water. With the overcrowding of inland spas, the new sea side resorts grew in popularity. The introduction of steamboat services in 19th century introduced more resorts in the circuit. The seaside resort gradually became a social meeting point

Role of the industrial revolution in promoting travel in the west

The rapid urbanisation due to industrialisation led to mass immigration in cities. These people were lured into travel to escape their environment to places of natural beauty, often to the countryside they had come from change of routine from a physically and psychologically stressful jobs to a leisurely pace in countryside.

Highlights of travel in the nineteenth century

  •  Advent of railway initially catalysed business travel and later leisure travel. Gradually special trains were chartered to only take leisure travel to their destinations.
  •  Package tours organised by entrepreneurs such as Thomas Cook.
  •  The European countries indulged in a lot of business travel often to their colonies to buy raw material and sell finished goods.
  • The invention of photography acted as a status-enhancing tool and promoted overseas travel.
  •  The formation of first hotel chains; pioneered by the railway companies who established great railway terminus hotels.
  •  Seaside resorts began to develop different images as for day-trippers, elite, for gambling.
  •  Other types of destinations-ski resorts, hill stations, mountaineering spots etc.
  • The technological development in steamships promoted travel between North America and Europe.
  •  The Suez Canal opened direct sea routes to India and the Far East.
  • The cult of the guidebook followed the development of photography.

Tourism in the Twentieth Century

The First World War gave first hand experience of countries and aroused a sense of curiosity about international travel among less well off sector for the first time. The large scale of migration to the US meant a lot of travel across the Atlantic. Private motoring began to encourage domestic travel in Europe and the west. The sea side resort became annual family holiday destination in Britain and increased in popularity in other countries of the west. Hotels proliferated in these destinations.

The birth of air travel and after

The wars increased interest in international travel. This interest was given the shape of mass tourism by the aviation industry. The surplus of aircraft and growth of private airlines aided the expansion of air travel. The aircraft had become comfortable, faster and steadily cheaper for overseas travel. With the introduction of Boeing 707 jet in 1958, the age of air travel for the masses had arrived.

The beginning of chartered flights boosted the package tour market and led to the establishment of organised mass tourism. The Boeing 747, a 400 seat craft, brought the cost of travel down sharply. The seaside resorts in the Mediterranean, North Africa and the Caribbean were the initial hot spots of mass tourism.

A corresponding growth in hotel industry led to the establishment of world-wide chains. Tourism also began to diversify as people began to flock alternative destinations in the 70s. Nepal and India received a throng of tourists lured by Hare Krishna movement and transcendental meditation. The beginning of individual travel in a significant volume only occurred in the 80s. Air travel also led to a continuous growth in business travel especially with the emergence of the MNCs.

Sarvajeet Chandra writes on issues that are usually brushed under the carpet, or are too everyday-ish for high street strategists. He writes on making strategic plan robust, how to execute strategy well and other tactical issues for everyday business success.

How to Become a Smart Traveler?

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The eyes are worthless which haven’t seen the awesome beauty of the nature. As individuals we have many hobbies, some are easy and can be performed indoors while others are somewhat difficult and require one to go outdoors.

One such extremely interesting and exciting activity is traveling. Traveling, as hobby, can give a lot of fun and adventure. However, to become a smart traveler, there are few things that you must always keep in mind while starting on a journey.

Decide Where You Want to Go

Before starting on a journey, you must know what places you are planning to visit. If you are looking for serenity, a lonely beach or country side may be good for you. In case you are a wildlife enthusiast, visiting a forest reserve may be a great idea. However, wherever you are going, you must prepare and equip yourself according to the demands of the place.

Decide What You Want to Carry

Once, you have decided on your destination, you must give it a deep thinking on what things you would be carrying with you. For convenience, you must aim to carry the minimum load but at the same time should not miss on anything important. Without planning, you may forget even the most necessary items or sometimes carry things, which are useless.

Prioritize Things as Per Their Importance

You must categorize the items you want to carry as per their priority. Give highest priority to things like clothes, shoes, bag, communication device, a compass etc. Least priority should be given to things like perfumes, fancy clothing etc. Classifying things like this will help you in picking up the most important items while not exceeding the limit of luggage that you plan to carry with you. Also, you must avoid carrying valuable things with you.


If you are going for places, where food is not available readily, you must also take some eatables with you. Ask people who have visited the place about the availability of food, hotels etc. If the location of your visit is isolated, do not forget to take dry rations and beverages with you.

Basic Medicines

When you visit a new place, there can be a lot of uncertainties. Hence, you must be prepared with some basic medicines and a first aid kit. You must take medicines for fever, dehydration, aches and pains etc. You should also not forget to take some plasters and antiseptic powder. Although, it is not a medicine, taking mosquito repellent is also a good idea.

If you take care of these things, you can become a smart traveler and make your travel much more enjoyable by being sure of avoiding a lot of inconveniences and hardships.

Ideas for a Christmas Vacation in France

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Spending Christmas in France looks like a great idea, no matter if you are planning a romantic getaway or a family vacation. Nicely decorated cities, scenic locations, great wine, delicious cuisine, exciting opportunities for outdoor activities, well preserved traditions, charming Christmas markets and lots of things to do are waiting for you. Here are a few ideas of Christmas vacations in France.

Christmas in Avignon

Provencal traditions say that Christmas holiday season lasts 40 days. Therefore, you have more than a month to enjoy the festive mood that seizes the whole religion, to stroll through beautiful Christmas markets, hunting for souvenirs, to taste at least some of the 13 traditional Christmas deserts, and to drink some mulled French wine. If you are traveling with kids, they will certainly love the Christmas parades, the folk art workshops and the traditional dances.

Christmas in Lyon

Some say that it’s better than Paris. Without agreeing or disagreeing, we can say that Lyon is just perfect for a family Christmas vacation. The city lights are almost as exciting as the shows put on in the City of Lights. The Christmas market in Carnot Square will simply seduce you. Open air skating rinks, traditional shows and a much quieter atmosphere is waiting for your in Lyon.

Christmas in Arles

Every year the Funny Christmas Festival (Drôles de Noëls) seizes this Southern French town and fills its street with a festive atmosphere. If you want to be a part of these celebrations, Arles is the place where to spend your Christmas vacation. Tens of performances, music shows and other types of events will make the joy of all members of your family. What more would you want from a Christmas vacation? This holiday is dedicated to families and this is what Arles offers.

Christmas in Alsace

This French region famous for its wine production and wine tasting tours is the perfect choice for all those who want to discover the magic of this holiday and the Alsacian Christmas traditions. In Strasbourg, you can discover the oldest Christmas market in France. If you choose Mullhouse or Colmar, you will also have your share of twinkling lights and carols singing.

Christmas in Paris

Last, but not least, the French capital is the heart choice of romantic couples. However, with ice skating rinks scattered throughout the city and special events organized especially for the little ones at Disneyland Resort, you will find lots of things to do in Paris during your Christmas vacation.

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